Many dental conditions do not present noticeable signs or symptoms until the disease has progressed. Often, you will not be aware there is an issue until you experience pain or sensitivity in the affected tooth. At this stage the decay may have progressed requiring more extensive treatment, such as a root canal to remove any infection.

Through regular dental exams your dentist will monitor the health of your teeth and mouth to catch trouble signs early and prevent more complex, and costly, treatment.

In young children brown or yellow spots on the teeth may be indications of dental disease. As young children may not be able to express when they are in pain, look in their mouth regularly. Speak to your dentist if you have any concerns about your child’s oral health.


The earlier dental decay is found the more treatment options available. In the earliest stages of disease your dentist may be able to work with you to recommend options to halt the further progression of disease and/or even reverse the disease. This can include fluoride supplements, dietary changes and earlier recall exams to monitor the progression of disease. More advance stages may require a filling (dental restoration to repair and restore the integrity of the tooth) to prevent the further progression of disease.

Treating decay, and avoiding future decay, also involves looking at some of the potential causes and adjusting your habits – frequency of brushing, flossing, using a fluoride toothpaste, diet and other lifestyle factors. Speak to your dentist for recommendations for your dental health.